This page is meant to be a complete guide to the names of the Sailor Senshi. I'm not an expert in Japanese-- heck, I only speak English and haven't tried to learn anything else-- but I know my way around my translation software ^_^ I've tried to provide accurate translations of the names as well as facts you might not know about, and some interesting tidbits that I hope will amuse you.

A note about kanji: sometimes a kanji can be pronounced different ways and have different meanings. When I get into the different words the kanji appears in, it may not be the same pronounciation used in the character's name.

All names are listed in last name-first name order, which is how they are written in Japan. Yes, the Three Lights all share the same first name, not last name, so they are not related.


Some background
Minako, Ami, Mamoru, and the Starlights write their first names with kanji. Rei writes hers with katakana. All the other Senshi use hiragana.

The kanji "no" used in the Inner Senshi's last names is a connector that means "of, in, for," etc, depending on the usage.

Tsukino Usagi - Sailormoon
The way Usagi writes her name is just a feminine name. A kanji, also pronounced Usagi, means "rabbit, hare, cony." The kanji "tsuki" in her last name is "moon" and is used in words relating to the moon and months, but is also used in "jellyfish, match-maker, soba with egg, fussy/noisy," and the phrase "like the difference between heaven and hell." Her full name is "Rabbit of the moon."

Chiba Mamoru
- Tuxedo Kamen

The "Kamen" in Tuxedo Kamen translates to "mask" or "disguise" (Somehow, Tuxedo Disguise doesn't sound right.) It's used in "masque," "masquerade," and "camembert." Mamoru means "guard" or "protect" and is used in related words, as well as words relating to satellites and health. Chiba is two kanji, chi meaning "earth" and ba refers to a location/place. His full name is "Protector of the earth."

Chibi-Usa - Sailorchibimoon
The way Chibi-Usa writes her name is not a word. It combines "chibi," meaning "little, runt, dwarf, midget" and "usa," which is meant to be a shortened form of "usagi" or "rabbit," her real name. No last name is specified.

Mizuno Ami - Sailormercury
The way Ami writes her name is just a feminine name. It combines "mi" or "beauty" with a character used in words relating to Asia. The character "mizu" in her last name means "water" and is seen in words relating to different types of water (such as drinking water, floods, drainage, submarine, things relating to toilets) as well as seemingly unrelated (or at least obscurely related) words (nasal mucus, feng shui, carbohydrate, polka dots, aborted fetus, state-of-the-art, amethyst, chicken pox) and happens to be used in "column of mercury" and "light blue" [her favorite color is aquamarine.] Her full name is "Asian beauty of water."

Hino Rei - Sailormars
The way Rei writes her name is not found in my dictionary. However, there is a kanji for "rei" meaning "spirit, soul, ghost" and is used in related words like "poltergeist, exorcism, the holy ghost, cemetery," and strangely enough, "sacred mountain" and "primates." The kanji "hi" in her last name means "fire" and is used in words related to fire, both the type that burns and firearms, fireflies, volcanoes, and war, as well as some stranger things (to start a conversation, see stars, Zoroastrianism, and salamandar.) Her full name is "Spirit of fire."

Kino Makoto - Sailorjupiter
The way Makoto writes her name is just a feminine name. There are two characters, both pronounced Makoto, that can mean "truth, fidelity, sincerity," and both being found in words dealing with truth and trust, and sometimes communication. The kanji "ki" in her last name means "tree" or "wood" and is used in many words that relate to wood, including "woodpecker," "squirrel," and "wooden sword." Her full name is "Sincerity of a tree."

Aino Minako - Sailorvenus
Unlike the other Senshi, the first character in Minako's last name is not the same as the first in her planet name. Minako is a feminine name and uses the kanji "beauty" and "child" plus one I can't find. The kanji "ai" in her last name means "love" and is used in words related to love (romantic, friendly, familial, love of your country, etc.) favorites, romance, and sex. Her full name is "Beautiful child of love."

The Outer Senshi
The character "Ou" found in the three main Outer Senshi's last names is used in words related to rulership, such as Pope, Brahma the Creator, and terms of royalty (king, queen, princess...) and also "Caesarean section." I use the term "Ruler" because it isn't gender specific but still implies royalty.

Meiou Setsuna - Sailorpluto
The way Setsuna writes her name is not a word. When written as two different kanji, it's "moment, instant, juncture." The first kanji used is "temple." The two together are used in "ephemeral, transitory." The kanji "mei" in her last name is used in words relating to darkness, Hades, and in "luck," "favor," "stubborness," "meditation," and when doubled, "invisible; divine." Her full name is "Momentary Dark Ruler."

Ten'ou Haruka - Sailoruranus
The way Haruka writes her name is a feminine name that can also be written in a few dozen combinations of kana and kanji. Using a kanji and the hiragana "ka," you have "far away, distant, remote," etc. The kanji by itself is the feminine name "Haruka." Put it twice, and you're getting really far away. The kanji "ten" in her last name means "heaven/sky" and is used in words related to heaven(ly) [firmament, God, goddess, Benten], imperial things, air, weather, astronomy, and the sky, as well as loosely words (ecstasy,
optimism, to be infuriated, which all deal with elevated states) and pretty much unrelated words (overbearing wife, oven, waffle iron, talcum powder, temper, long-horned beetle, unprecendented, genius, guinea pig, natural beauty, color photo, velvet, and catnip.) Her full name is "Distant Heaven Ruler."

Kaiou Michiru - Sailorneptune
The way Michiru writes her name is just a feminine name. A kanji in place of "mi" makes it "to be full, to rise (tide), to mature, to expire," and there is another kanji that can be used and have the same meaning. That second kanji is used in words dealing with the tide, ebb and flow, and words relating to maturity, completeness (such as full moon, full tank, full year, satisfaction), and pregnancy. The kanji "kai" in her last name means "sea/ocean" and is used in words related to the seas and as well as their names; this includes land that might reach into the sea/ocean, animals living in them, plants dwelling in them, and food from them. Her full name is "Mature Ocean Ruler."

Tomoe Hotaru - Sailorsaturn
The way Hotaru writes her name is just a feminine name. A kanji, also pronounced Hotaru, means "firefly." This character is also used in "Auld Lang Syne," "fluorescence," "fluorite" [which is her favorite gemstone,] and "Keiko" [which is her late mother's name.] The kanji "to" in her last name means "earth" and is found in words related to the earth like clay, sand, and soil, as well as "Hades" and "souvenir." The kanji "moe" is found in two words meaning "sprout, germination, bud, shoots," but does not seem to have its own separate meaning. Her full name is "Firefly, sprout of the earth."

Some interesting facts
All the Inner Senshi's last names are real Japanese surnames.

The first kanji of the Inner Senshi's last names is the first in their planet names [Minako being the exception], but they are not pronounced the same.

The three main Outer Senshi's full last names with "sei" added are the names of their planets. Saturn is "Dosei," however ["Do" is the same kanji as "To"]

Seiya Kou - Sailorstarfighter
Seiya uses the same "sei" as the planet names use, meaning "star." The kanji "ya" is the same as the "no" in the Inner Senshi's names. It means "field" when pronounced "no." It's used in many words related to fields.
His first name, "Kou," means light and is used in related words. His full name is "Star field light."

Taiki Kou - Sailorstarmaker
Taiki uses two kanji that, when combined, means, "atmosphere." Attempting to look up the first kanji makes my program crash! The second means "spirit/mood" and is used in words related to air, electricity, rain, danger/comfort, moods, like/dislike, fate, and "greasiness/oiliness," [perhaps explaining the huge forehead?] plus many other types of words. His first name, "Kou," means light and is used in related words. His full name is "Atmosphere light."

Yaten Kou - Sailorstarhealer
Yaten uses two kanji, the "ya" meaning "night" and the same "ten" as "Ten'ou," meaning "sky." "Ya" is used in words relating to the night and crashes the program when I try to look for more -_-;; His first name, "Kou," means light and is used in related words. His full name is "Night sky light."

Princess Kakyuu - Sailorkakyuu
For "Kakyuu," the hiragana listed for the children is "Kakiyuu." The character "Ka" is the same as the "Hi" in Rei's name, which means "fire." Kakyuu is not the word for fireball, however. Fireball is "hinotama" or
"hidama;" "hi" is the kanji, "no" is a hiragana, "tama" is a kanji meaning "ball" or "sphere" and "dama" is "coin." The "kiyuu" character in Kakyuu is for "globe" or "sphere." Strange, isn't it? So if you combined her name, it really is "Fire sphere" or "Fire globe."

Kinmokusei - The Starlights' not-a-planet homeworld
The word "Kinmokusei" literally means "fragrant olive." However, it is written with katakana in the manga, not as the "fragrant olive" version. The "fragant olive" version is written with the characters "gold," "wood," and ... "rhinoceros," what?! Not really; if you take the last kanji, it can be pronounced "sai," meaning "rhinoceros." But still, it's the same kanji! And I saw another website that mentioned this interesting little thing as well o.O

Silly name combinations
If you take the kanji "Mei" and "To" [as in Meiou and Tomoe; it's "do" in "Saturn" though], you get "Hades" (Meido.)

The kanji used in "Ten" and "Kai" can be combined together to make a few surnames. (Awww, how cute!)

If you take the kanji "Ten" and "Kiyuu" [as in Ten'ou and Kakyuu], you get "celestial sphere," a real word, actually.

If you take the kanji "hi/ka" and "kou," you get "firelight." [Hmmm, you can make a word with the Starlights' first name and the first kanji of their princess', weird...]

Planet names
The names of the planets ["sei" means "star"]:

Mercury - Suisei / Water star
Venus - Kinsei / Gold star
Earth - Chikyuu
Moon - Tsuki
Mars - Kasei / Fire star
Jupiter - Mokusei / Tree star or wood star
Saturn - Dosei / Soil star
Uranus - Tenousei / Heaven ruler star
Neptune - Kaiousei / Ocean ruler star
Pluto - Meiousei / Dark ruler star


Well, that's it! Hope y'all learned something!

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